Pauline Kuipers is an EU & competition law partner in the Hague and head of Bird & Bird’s International Competition & EU Group. Pauline specialises in EU and Dutch competition law with a particular focus on regulated markets like communications, media, life sciences. In competition law matters, she has experience in cartel procedures, abuse of dominance matters, merger notifications to the Dutch competition authority and European Commission as well as coordination of multiple merger filings, private enforcement actions, competition regulation of network industries as well as the media sector and competition rules on undertakings granted special or exclusive rights by the state. Her practice also includes public procurement law and assistance in regulatory investigations (telecoms, post, consumer law, energy). Pauline’s previous experience in Intellectual Property law has brought her specific expertise to advise in matters on the verge between competition law and intellectual property, such as licensing arrangements and other technology transfer agreements, standardization discussions, refusal to license, abuse of IP rights etc.